What are the two methods in financing mergers and acquisitions?
The primary sources of M&A financing are equity financing and debt financing. Companies may also use their existing cash reserves. A key consideration in M&A financing is to ensure the capital provided is sensitive to the company’s operating cash flows.
The Best Practices For Mergers and Acquisitions in Corporate Finance
Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are an important part of corporate finance, as they can provide companies with the resources and new opportunities for expansion and growth. Whether you are the CEO of a company looking to acquire another firm or a financial sector investor considering a merger, understanding the principles of successful M&A is essential. Here are five best practices to follow when considering or undertaking M&A:
1. Utilize Professionals With M&A Know-How
M&A deals involve an immense level of complexity, and often require the assistance of experienced professionals with knowledge of the process. Utilizing a team of well-trained advisors, attorneys, and accountants who are experienced in merger and acquisition activity can help ensure that firms are working towards good outcomes.
2. Research the Target Firm
Prior to entering any discussions of a merger or acquisition, it is essential to conduct extensive research of the targeted firm. Gathering data on key financial metrics such as revenue growth and profitability, as well as competitive positioning and other industry factors, can help firms create informed decisions on whether or not to move forward.
3. Consider Structuring Options
When facing M&A decisions, there are a variety of structural options available to firms. Companies should fully consider various structures such as stock-for-stock, cash, or debt-based deals and review the pros and cons of each.
4. Consider Integration Processes
In order to achieve the maximum benefit from an M&A, companies must thoroughly plan the integration process. This means assessing how the two firms will work together and defining the objectives of the newly combined entity. Additionally, it is important to note that integration plans should factor in the potential for any HR, regulatory or cultural complications.
5. Secure Financing for the Deal
Financing is one of the most important steps of any M&A. Whether through equity financing from current investors, or through bank loan or debt financing, businesses need to ensure that they secure the necessary funds to move forward with the deal. Developing a long-term financing strategy that accounts for both the short-term and long-term cost implications of the transaction is essential.
Following these best practices can increase the chances of successful M&A deals, and provide firms with the information they need to create the best strategies to achieve their goals. Mergers and acquisitions can be complex and challenging, but with the right tools and resources, they can be a great way to expand and grow businesses.